Perspectives of Polish organic farming development in the aspect of the European Green Deal
PDF

Keywords

sustainable agriculture
organic farming
ecological products markets

How to Cite

Kociszewski, K. (2022). Perspectives of Polish organic farming development in the aspect of the European Green Deal. Ekonomia I Środowisko - Economics and Environment, 81(2), 154–167. https://doi.org/10.34659/eis.2022.81.2.461

Abstract

The paper aims to examine the determinants for the development of organic farming in Poland under the present conditions associated with membership in the European Union (EU). The study is based on analyses of secondary sources and a nationwide survey among organic farmers. Organic farming in the EU is a subject to development under the influence of the strategies related to the European Green Deal. Polish organic agriculture developed dynamically after the EU accession. However, the process reversed from 2013 due to the unstable domestic support policy. The barriers are poor connections between farmers and distributors, bureaucratic procedures and low profitability. A significant chance for the development is the expected demand growth. The most important factors encouraging farmers were associated with environmental aspects and the use of labour. The further growth is conditioned by the better-organized policy of Polish organisations involved in agricultural policy.

https://doi.org/10.34659/eis.2022.81.2.461
PDF

References

Bravo, P., C. A., Spiller, A., & Villalobos, P., (2012). Are Organic Growers Satisfied with the Certification System? A Causal Analysis of Farmers’ Perceptions in Chile. International Food and Agribusiness Management Review, 15, 4, 115-136. https://doi.org/10.22004/AG.ECON.138322

Cattell Noll, L., Leach, A. M., Seufert, V., Galloway, J. N., Atwell, B., Erisman, J. W., & Shade, J. (2020). The nitrogen footprint of organic food in the United States. Environmental Resources Letters, 15, 045004. https://iopscience.iop.org/arti-cle/10.1088/1748-9326/ab7029

European Commission. (2019). Organic farming in the EU, A fast growing sector. EU Agricultural Briefs no 13 march 2019. Brussels: European Commission.

European Commission. (2020a). A Farm to Fork Strategy for a fair, healthy and environmentally friendly food system. Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Brussels, 20.5.2020 COM(2020) 381 final.

European Commission. (2021a). Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions on an Action Plan for the Development of Organic Production, Brussels, 25.3.2021 COM(2021) 141 final.

European Commission. (2020b). Analysis of links between CAP Reform and Green Deal, Commission Staff Working Document, Brussels, 20.5.2020 SDW(2020) 93 final.

European Commission. (2020c). EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030. Bringing nature back into our lives, Communication from the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions, Brussels, 20.5.2020 COM(2020) 380 final.

European Commission. (25 March,2021b). Press release. European Green Deal: Commission presents actions to boost organic production. https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/IP_21_1275

European Commission. (2022, January). The new common agricultural policy: 2023-27. https://ec.europa.eu/info/food-farming-fisheries/key-policies/common-agricultural-policy/new-cap-2023-27_en

IFOAM Organics EU. (2021). Assessing organic farming support measures in the current draft national CAP Strategic Plans for the Common Agricultural Policy 2023-2027. IFOAM Organics EU, Brussels. https://www.organicseurope.bio/content/uploads/2021/11IFOAMEU_policy_CAP_externalbriefing_17112021.pdf?dd

IJHARS (Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection), (2007). Liczba producentów ekologicznych w Polsce, w podziale na kategorie działalności, wg stanu na 31 grudnia 2007. Warsaw: IJHARS.

IJHARS (Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection), (2011). Liczba producentów ekologicznych w Polsce, w podziale na kategorie działalności, wg stanu na 31 grudnia 2011. Warsaw: IJHARS.

IJHARS (Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection), (2019a). The report on organic farming in Poland 2017–2018. Warsaw: IJHARS.

IJHARS (Agricultural and Food Quality Inspection), (2019b).Liczba producentów ekologicznych w Polsce, w podziale na kategorie działalności, wg stanu na 31 grudnia 2016. Warsaw: IJHARS.

Krause, J., & Machek, O. (2018). A comparative analysis of organic and conventional Farmers in the Czech Republic. Agricultural Economics – Czech, 64(1), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.17221/161/2016-AGRICECON

McCullough, E. B., Pingali, P. L., & Stamoulis, K. G. (2008). Small farms and the transformation of food systems: an overview. In E. McCullough, K. Stamoulis, & P. Pingali, (Eds.) The Transformation of agri-food systems: Globalization, supply chains and smallholder farmers (pp. 3–46). Earthscan.

MacRae, R. J., Frick, B., &Martin, R. C. (2007). Economic and social impacts of organic production systems. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 87(5), 1037–1044. https://doi.org/10.4141/CJPS07135

NIK (Najwyższa Izba Kontroli). (2019). Wspieranie rozwoju rolnictwa ekologicznego. Informacja o wynikach kontroli. Warsaw: NIK.

Regulation (EU) 2021/2115 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 2 December 2021establishing rules on support for strategic plans to be drawn up by the Member States under the standard agricultural policy (CAP Strategic Plans) and financed by the European Agricultural Guarantee Fund (EAGF) and by the European Agricultural Fund for Rural Development (EAFRD) and repealing Regulations (EU) No 1305/2013 and (EU) No 1307/2013. Official Journal of the European Union L 435/1.

Serra, T., Zilberman, D., & Gil, J. M. (2008). Differential uncertainties and risk attitudes between conventional and organic producers: the case of Spanish arable crop farmers. Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, 39(2), 219–229. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1574-0862.2008.00329.x

Seufert, V., Ramankutty, N., & Folley, J. A. (2012). Comparing the yields of organic and conventional agriculture. Nature, 484, 229–232. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature11069

Siepmann, L., Nicholas, K. (2018). German Winegrowers’ Motives and Barriers to Convert to Organic Farming. Sustainability, 10(11), 4215. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10114215

Statistics Poland (2019), Warsaw: Zakład Wydawnictw Statystycznych.

United Nations (2020). Sustainable consumption and production – Goal 12: Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns. https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/sustainableconsumption-production

Tzouramani, I., Alexopoulos, G., Kostianis, G., & Kazakopoulos, L. (2014). Exploring Risk Management Strategies for Organic Farmers: A Greek Case Study. Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, 29 (2), 167–175. https://www.jstor.org/stable/26333866

Tuomisto, H. L., Hodge, I. D., Riordan, P., & Macdonald, D. W. (2012). Does organic farming reduce environmental impacts? A meta-analysis of European research. Journal of Environmental Management, 112, 309–320. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.08.018

Torres, J., Belmonte L. J., & Herrero-Sanches, S. (2016). Economic and Social Sustainability through Organic Agriculture: Study of the Restructuring of the Citrus Sector in the “BajoAndarax” District (Spain). Sustainability, 8(9), 918. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8090918

Veldstra, M. D.; Alexander, C. E.; & Marshall, M. I. (2014). To certify or not to certify? Separating the organic production and certification decisions. Food Policy, 49, 429–436, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodpol.2014.05.010

Trávníček, J., Willer, H., & Schaack, D. (2022). In H. Willer, C. Meier, & B. Schlatter (Eds.) The world of organic agriculture: Statistics and emerging trends 2022 (pp. 235–271). Bonn: Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FIBL, Frick, & IFOAM – Organics International.

Zaher, U., Higgins, S., & Carpenter-Boggs, L. (2016). Interactive life cycle assessment framework to evaluate agricultural impacts and benchmark emission reduction credits from organic management. Journal of Cleaner Production, 115, 182–190, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.12.073

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2022 Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.