Characteristics of sewage sludge composition for agricultural use


sewage sludge
sewage treatment
sludge's physical and chemical composition
heavy metals

How to Cite

Vitenko, T., Marynenko, N., & Kramar, I. (2023). Characteristics of sewage sludge composition for agricultural use . Economics and Environment, 85(2), 296–307.


The article focuses on the research conducted on sewage sludge in Ternopil City, Ukraine, with a specific emphasis on its microelement composition and implications for disposal and utilisation. Bacterial contamination in both old and new sludge storage facilities is revealed by the study. It is found that the sludge holds potential as a fertiliser due to its nutrient content and organic matter, although adjustments may be necessary for specific soil conditions. However, it is determined that the permissible limits for agricultural use are exceeded by heavy metal concentrations, indicating pollution resulting from landfills, old pipes, and intensive agriculture. According to existing regulations, the sludge is considered suitable only for composting. The importance of sludge monitoring, treatment, and management is underscored by the findings, as they are crucial for ensuring safe disposal, mitigating environmental risks, and addressing potential health hazards.


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