Importance and challenges for agriculture from High Nature Value Farmlands (HNVf) in Poland in the context of the provision of public goods under the European Green Deal
PDF

Keywords

biodiversity
farms
FADN
organic farming
European Green Deal
High Nature Value farmlands (HNVf)

How to Cite

Zieliński, M., & Jadczyszyn, J. (2022). Importance and challenges for agriculture from High Nature Value Farmlands (HNVf) in Poland in the context of the provision of public goods under the European Green Deal. Ekonomia I Środowisko - Economics and Environment, 82(3), 194–219. https://doi.org/10.34659/eis.2022.82.3.494

Abstract

The study aims to identify and characterise the organisational and economic features of agriculture in Poland in areas (communes) with different saturation of agriculture from High Nature Value farmlands (HNVf areas) with exceptionally high natural value. It is also important to determine whether the potential changes in agriculture in communes with a particularly large share of them do not harm the natural environment and limit the possibility of providing society with public goods. The delimitation of the three scenarios of HNVf areas was designated in the country at the request of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development in 2018. HNVf areas of moderate, high, and exceptionally high natural value were designated. To achieve the purpose of the study, data from the Agency for Restructuring and Modernization of Agriculture (ARMA) for 2016 and 2021 and data from the Polish Farm Accountancy Data Network (FADN) for 2018-2020 was obtained. It was established that in Poland, the share of HNVf areas currently ranges from 12.5 (exceptionally high natural value) to 27.1% (moderate-high nature value) of the total UAA. Compared to other areas, HNVf areas with exceptionally high natural value are characterised by agriculture with a high level of extensive production. Farms from these areas obtain, e.g. lower total costs incurred per 1 ha of UAA, often lower productivity of production factors and lower income per 1 ha of UAA.

https://doi.org/10.34659/eis.2022.82.3.494
PDF

References

Abramczuk, Ł., Augustyńska, I., Czułowska, M., & Skarżyńska, A. (2020). Produkcja, koszty i dochody wybranych działalności rolniczych w latach 2018-2019. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo IERiGŻ-PIB.

Abramczuk Ł., Augustyńska I., Czułowska M., & Goławska M. (2021). Produkcja, koszty i dochody wybranych działalności rolniczych w latach 2019-2020.Warszawa: Wydawnictwo IERiGŻ-PIB.

Acemoglu, D., Johnson, S., & Robinson, J. (2004). Institution as the Fundamental Cause of Long-run Growth. Working Paper 10481. Cambridge: National Bureau of Economic Research. https://www.nber.org/system/files/working_papers/w10481/w10481.pdf

Agencja Restrukturyzacji i Modernizacji Rolnictwa (2022, February 1) Dane wygenerowane przez Agencję Restrukturyzacji i Modernizacji Rolnictwa na podstawie wniosków o przyznanie płatności ekologicznych dla kampanii 2021.

Agencja Restrukturyzacji i Modernizacji Rolnictwa (2022, January 17) Dane wygenerowane przez Agencję Restrukturyzacji i Modernizacji Rolnictwa na podstawie wniosków o przyznanie płatności dla kampanii 2016 i 2021 w ujęciu gmin.

Andersen, E., Baldock, D., Bennett, H., Beaufoy, G., Bignal, E., Brouwer, F., Elbersen, B., Eiden, G., Godeschalk, F., Jones, G., McCracken, D., Nieuwenhuizen, W., van Eupen, M., Hennekens, S., & Zervas, G. (2003). Developing a High Nature Value Farming area indicator. Internal report for the European Environment Agency, IEEP. 2007. https://library.wur.nl/WebQuery/wurpubs/fulltext/3918

Baldock, D. (1999). Indicators for High Nature Value Farming Systems in Europe. In F. M. Brouwer & J. R. Crabtree (Eds.) Environmental Indicators and Agricultural Policy. Wallingford: CAB International.

Baldock, D., Beaufoy, G., Bennett, G. & Clark, J. (1993). Nature Conservation and New Directions in the Common Agricultural Policy. London: Institute for European Environmental Policy.

Batary, P., Dicks, L. V., Kleijn, D., & Sutherland, W. J. (2015). The role of agri-environment schemes in conservation and environmental management. Conservation Biology, 29(4), https://doi.org/10.1111/cobi.12536

Beaufoy, G. (2008). HNV Farming-Explaining the concept and interpreting EU and national policy commitments. Proceedings of the European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, Peterborough.

Beaufoy, G., & Cooper, T. (2009). Guidance Document. The Application of the High Nature Value Impact Indicator. The programming period 2007-2013. Brussels: European Commission.

Beaufoy, G., Baldock, D., & Clark, J. (1994). The Nature of Farming: Low-Intensity Farming Systems in Nine European Countries. London: Institute for European Environmental Policy.

Benedetti, Y. (2017). Trends in High Nature Value farmland studies: A systematic review. European Journal of Ecology, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.1515/eje-2017-0012

Benton, T., Vickery, J., & Wilson, J. (2003). Farmland biodiversity: is habitat heterogeneity the key? Trends in Ecology & Evolution, 18(4). https://doi.org/10.1016/S0169-5347(03)00011-9

Bignal, E. M. & McCracken, D. I. (1996). Low-intensity Farming Systems in the Conservation of the Countryside. Journal of Applied Ecology, 33(3).

Bignal, E. M., McCracken, D. I. & Curtis, D. J. (1994). Nature Conservation and Pastoralism in Europe. Proceedings of the European Forum on Nature Conservation and Pastoralism, Peterborough.

Butler, S. J., Boccaccio, L., Gregory, R. D., Vořišek, P., & Norris, K. (2010). Quantifying the impact of land-use change to European farmland bird populations. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 137(3-4), 348-357. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2010.03.0059

DeBoe, G., Deconinck, K., Henderson, B., & Lankoski, J. (2020). Reforming Agricultural Policies Will Help to Improve Environmental Performance. EuroChoices, 19(1). https://doi.org/10.1111/1746-692X.12247

Donald, P. F., Gree, R. E., & Heath, M. F. (2001). Agricultural intensification and the collapse of Europe’s farmland bird populations. Royal Society, 268(1462). https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2000.1325

European Commission. (2009). Guidance Document. The Application of the High Nature Value Impact Indicator 2007-2013.

European Commission. (2017a). Technical handbook on the monitoring and evaluation framework of the Common Agricultural Policy 2014-2020.

European Commission. (2017b). Working Document. Practices to identify, monitor and assess HNF farming in RDPs 2014-2020.

European Commission. (2020a). Communication from The Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030. Bringing nature back into our lives. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX:52020DC0380

European Commission. (2020b). Communication from The Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. A Farm to Fork Strategy for a fair, healthy, environmentally-friendly food system. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52020DC0381

European Commission. (2021a). Communication from The Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. EU Soil Strategy for 2030. Reaping the benefits of healthy soils for people, food, nature and climate. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52021DC0699

European Commission. (2021b). Communication from The Commission to the European Parliament, The European Council, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Forging a climate – resilient Europe_the new EU Strategy on Adaptation to Climate Change. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=COM%3A2021%3A82%3AFIN

European Commission. (2021c). Communication from The Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. Fit to 55: delivering the EU’s 2030 Climate Target on the way to climate neutrality. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=CELEX%3A52021DC0550

European Commission. (2021d). Communication from The Commission to the European Parliament, The Council, The European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions. New EU Forest Strategy for 2030. https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/ALL/?uri=CELEX:52021DC0572

European Environmental Agency. (2019). The European environment state and outlook 2020. Knowledge for transition to a sustainable Europe. https://www.eea.europa.eu/soer/2020

European Parliament. (2020). The challenge of land abandonment after 2020 and options for mitigating measures. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/ATAG/2021/652241/IPOL_ATA(2021)652241_EN.pdf

Gardi, C., Visioli, G., Conti, F. D., Scotti, M. Menta, C., & Bodini, A. (2016). High Nature Value Farmland: Assessment of Soil Organic Carbon in Europe. Frontiers in Environmental Science, 4(47), https://doi.org/10.3389/fenvs.2016.00047

Gregory, R., van Strien, A., Vořišek, P., Meyling, A. W. G., Noble, D. G., Foppen, R. P. B., & Gibbons, D. W. (2005). Developing indicators for European birds. Royal Society, 360(1454). https://doi.org/10.1098%2Frstb.2004.1602

Heliola J., Lehtomaki, J., Kuussaari, M., Tiainen, J., Piha, M., Schulman, A., Lehtonen, H., Miettinen, A., & Koikkalainen, K. (2009). High Nature Value farmland in Finland – identification, monitoring and economic conditions for maintenance. Publications of the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, 1.

IPCC. (2019). The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Summary for Policy-makers. In: Climate Change and Land: an IPCC special report on climate change, desertification, land degradation, sustainable land management, food security, and greenhouse gas fluxes in terrestrial ecosystems.

Jadczyszyn, J., & Zieliński, M. (2020). Assessment of farms from High Nature Value Farmland areas in Poland. XXII(3), 108-118. https://doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0014.4013

Keenleyside, C., Beaufoy, G., Tucker, G. Jones, G. (2014). High Nature Value farming throughout EU-27 and its financial support under the CAP. London: Institute for European Environmental Policy. http://minisites.ieep.eu/assets/1386/HNV_and_CAP_Full_Report.pdf

Kleijn, D., Rundlof, M., Scheper, J., Smith, H. G., & Tscharntke, T. (2011). Does conservation on farmland contribute to halting the biodiversity decline? Trends in Ecology&Evolution, 26(9), 474-481. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2011.05.009

Lomba, A., Guerra, C., Alonso, J., Honrado, J. P., Jongman, R., & McCracken, D. (2014). Mapping and monitoring High Nature Value farmlands: Challenges in European landscapes. Journal of Environmental Management, 143, 140-150. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2014.04.029

Łopatka, A., Koza, P., & Siebielec, G. (2017). Propozycja metodyki wydzieleń zasięgów obszarów ONW typ specyficzny wg tzw. kryteriów krajowych. Ekspertyza dla MRiRW.

Magurran, A. (1996). Ecological diversity and its measurement. Cambridge: Chapman & Hall.

Matin, S., Sullivan, C. A., Finn, J. A. Ó hUallacháin, D., Green, S., Meredith, D., & Moran, J. (2020). Assessing the distribution and extent of high nature value farmland in the Republic of Ireland. Ecological Indicators, 108. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecolind.2019.105700

Matyka, M. (2017). Ocena regionalnego zróżnicowania struktury zasiewów w kontekście oddziaływania na środowisko przyrodnicze. Annals PAAAE, XIX(3) 188-192. https://doi.org/10.5604/01.3001.0010.3245

Moran, J., Byrne, D., Carlier, J., Dunford, B., Finn, J. A., Ó hUallacháin, D., & Sullivan, C. A. (2021). Management of high nature value farmland in the Republic of Ireland: 25 years are evolving toward locally adapted results-orientated solutions and payments. Ecology and Society, 26(1).

Navarro, L., & Pereira, H. M. (2015). Towards a European Policy for Rewilding. In H. M. Pereira & L. Navarro (Eds.) Rewilding European Landscapes (pp. 205-223). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-12039-3_11

North, D. (1990). Institutions, Institutional Change and Economic Performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

O’Rourke, E., & Kramm, N. (2012). High nature value (HNV) farming and the management of upland diversity. A review. European Countryside, 4(2), 116-133. https://www.semanticscholar.org/paper/High-nature-value-(HNV)-farming-and-the-management-O%E2%80%99rourke-Kramm/0b5df696e8f906e078e00383fb02bbb1f0d7b7bb

Paracchini, M. L., Petersen, J. E., Hoogeveen, Y., Bamps, C., Burfield, I., & Swaay, C. (2008). High Nature Value Farmland in Europe. An estimate of the distribution patterns on the basis of land cover and biodiversity data. Luxembourg: OPOCE.

Pe’er, G., Bonn, A., Bruelheide, H., Dieker, P., Eisenhauer, N., Feindt, P. H., Hagedorn, G., Hansjurgens, B., Herzon, I., Lomba, A., Marquard, E., Moreira, F., Nitsch, H., Oppermann, R., Perino, A., Order, N., Schleyer, Ch., Schindler, S., Wolf, Ch., Zinngrebe, Y.,

& Lakner, S. (2020). Action needed for the EU Common Agricultural Policy to address sustainability challenges. People and Nature, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.1002/pan3.10080

Plieninger, T., Gaertner, M., Hui, C., & Huntsinger, L. (2013). Does land abandonment decrease species richness and abundance of plants and animals in Mediterranean pastures, arable lands and permanent croplands? Environmental Evidence, 2. https://doi.org/10.1186/2047-2382-2-3

Power, A. G. (2010). Ecosystem services and agriculture: tradeoffs and synergies. Royal Society, 365(1554). https://doi.org/10.1098/rstb.2010.0143

Renwick, A., Jansson, T., Verburg, P. H., Revoredo-Giha, C., Britz, W., Gocht, A., & Mc Cracken, D. (2013). Policy reform and agricultural land abandonment in the EU. Land Use Policy, 30(1), 446-457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2012.04.005

Roszkowska-Mądra, B. (2018). Koncepcja i znaczenie obszarów rolniczych o wysokich walorach przyrodniczych. Problemy Rolnictwa Światowego, 18(4), 417-425. https://doi.org/10.22630/PRS.2018.18.4.130

Schläpfer, F. (2020). External Costs of Agriculture Derived from Payments for AgriEnvironment Measures: Framework and Application to Switzerland. Sustainability, 12(15), 6126. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/su12156126

Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity. (2020) Global Biodiversity Outlook 5. Montreal.

Stoate, C., Baldi, A., Beja, P., Boatman, N. D., Herzon, I., van Doorn, A., de Snoo, G. R., Rakosy, L., & Ramwell, C. (2009). Ecological impact of early 21 st century agricultural change in Europe. Journal of Environmental Management, 91, 22-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.07.005

Sullivan, C. A., Finn, J. A., O hUallachain, D., Green, S., Matin, S., Meredith, D., Clifford, B., & Moran, J. (2017). The development of a national typology for High Nature Value farmland in Ireland based on farm-scale characteristics. Land Use Policy, 67, 401-414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.04.031

Trisorio, A., & Borlizzi, A. (2011). Assessing the impact of rural policy on biodiversity: High Nature Value Farming in Italy. Rome: National Institute of Agricultural Economics, National Rural Network.

Ustaoglu, E., & Collier, M. J. (2018). Farmland abandonment in Europe: an overview of drivers, consequences, and assessment of the sustainability implications. Environmental Reviews, 26(4), https://www.researchgate.net/publication/326728495_Farmland_Abandonment_in_Europe_An_Overview_of_Drivers_Consequences_and_Assessment_of_the_Sustainability_Implications

Van der Zanden, E., Verburg, P. H., Schulp, C. J. E., & Verkerk, P. J. (2017). Trade-offs of European agricultural abandonment. Land Use Policy, 62, 290-301. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.landusepol.2017.01.003

Zgłobicki, W., Karczmarczuk, K., & Baran-Zgłobicka, B.(2020). Intensity and Driving Forces of Land Abandonment in Eastern Poland. Applied Sciences, 10(10), 3500. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/app10103500

Zieliński, M., Łopatka, A., & Koza, P. (2020). Assessment of the Functioning of Farms in Less-Favored Areas and in Areas of Significant Natual Value (LFA Specific type Zone I). Problems of Agricultural Economics, 3(364) 31-48. https://doi.org/10.30858/zer/124638

Zieliński, M., Koza, P., & Łopatka,A. (2022). Agriculture from Areas Facing Natural or Other Specific Constraints (ANCs) in Poland, Its Characteristics, Directions of Changes and Challenges in the Context of the European Green Deal. Sustainability 14, no. 19: 11828. https://doi.org/10.3390/su141911828

Zomeni, M., Martinou, A. F., Stavrinides, M. C., & Vogiatzakis, I. N. (2018). High nature value farmlands: challenges in identification and interpretation using Cyprus as a case study. Nature Conservation, 31, 53-70. https://doi.org/10.3897/nature-conservation.31.28397

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

Copyright (c) 2022 Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.