Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal <p><strong>Welcome to the website of the Journal "Ekonomia i Srodowisko - Economics and Environment"</strong></p> <p>The journal "Economics and Environment" ("Ekonomia i Środowisko") is a leading Polish quarterly journal in the economics of environment and natural resources. It has existed since 1992. The reference version of the Journal is the paper version.</p> <p> </p> <p>This is the Journal of the <a href="http://psesizn.pl/">Polish Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.</a></p> <p>Value according to the Polish Ministry of Education and Science: 40 points.</p> <p><strong>Fields and disciplines of science:</strong></p> <p><strong>1. Engineering and technology:</strong> architecture and urban planning, civil engineering and transport, environmental engineering, mining and energy</p> <p><strong>2. Agricultural sciences:</strong> forestry</p> <p><strong>3. Social sciences:</strong> economics and finance, social and economic geography and<br />spatial management, management and quality studies</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Wydawnictwo Ekonomia i Środowisko en-US Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment 0867-8898 <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> <li class="license sa"> <p><strong>ShareAlike</strong> — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the <a id="same_license_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">same license</a> as the original.<span id="sa-more-container"></span></p> </li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <ul id="deed-conditions-no-icons" class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license"><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-md-offset-1 col-md-10"><hr /></div> </div> <div id="deed-understanding" class="row"> <h3>Notices:</h3> <ul class="understanding license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license">You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable <a id="exception_or_limitation_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">exception or limitation</a>.</li> <li class="license">No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as <a id="publicity_privacy_or_moral_rights_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">publicity, privacy, or moral rights</a> may limit how you use the material.</li> </ul> </div> QUALITATIVE FACTORS OF DEVELOPMENT IN PROBLEM AREAS https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/395 <p>The aim of the article is to analyze the qualitative factors in terms of creating development potential that will enable the construction or reconstruction of local communities and economies, especially in problem areas. The analysis of qualitative factors was based on the conducted individual in-depth interviews. This made it possible to formulate recommendations for decision-makers in the field of creating development potential in problem areas. The conducted research allows for the formulation of the following conclusions: problem areas are still stuck in the old development paradigm, in which development is seen in hard factors, and this in turn translates into decisions made and directions of spending funds; little importance in the development of soft factors such as: leadership, cooperation, social participation, quality of education; the level of financing and co-financing of innovative programs is low and basically comes down to the purchase of modern equipment by individual farmers and the expansion of the scope of crops; despite the fact that rural communes in problem areas are leaders in obtaining external funds, this does not translate into the improvement of their economic situation.</p> Beata Skubiak Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 8 26 BARRIERS TO SUSTAINABLE COMPOSITE POLES ADOPTION IN INFRASTRUCTURE https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/392 <p>Fibre-reinforced polymer (FRP) poles are, next to wooden poles, a more environmentally <br>friendly solution than traditional steel or concrete poles. In addition to having a lower negative impact on the environment, they are characterised by durability, resiliency, and corrosion resistance. But, unfortunately, the range of their use, both in Poland and around the world, is limited. In this paper, the authors try to identify the most important barriers to the wide use of FRP poles in infrastructure construction. They also propose some actions to change this unfavourable situation from the sustainable development point of view</p> Mirosław Broniewicz Elżbieta Broniewicz Karolina Dec Szymon Lubas Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 12 12 VALUE OF THE SEWAGE MANAGEMENT DEVICES IN RURAL AREAS IN THE OPINION OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES ON THE EXAMPLE OF THE WYSZKI COMMUNE https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/393 <p>The aim of the article is to present the public reception of the implementation of household-level sewage treatment plants in the Municipality of Wyszki. The CVM method of conditional valuation was used to learn the opinion of residents on the implementation of domestic sewage treatment plants, using the willingness test for payment (WTP). The method of conditional valuation was carried out based on a survey. The research trial was conducted using direct interviews among 100 inhabitants of the commune of Wyszki. The questionnaire contained, among other things, questions about the types of sewage collection and treatment system in the municipality. For the article, the answers of the commune residents who were not connected to the sewage system or had a holding tank were considered</p> Krystyna Rauba Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 40 55 10.34659/2021/2/11 THE BENEFITS OF IMPROVING THE TECHNICAL CONDITION OF A BUILDING IN THE CONTEXT OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/381 <p>This article deals with the impact of thermal upgrading measures on the energy efficiency of a building. The thesis is that improvement of the technical condition through: increasing the thermal insulation of walls, modernisation of ventilation system, regular inspections and repairs of central heating boilers, modernisation of hot water preparation systems, the introduction of alternative energy sources or using modern technologies in construction, affects the increase of energy efficiency of this building.</p> <p> </p> Elżbieta Gołąbeska Copyright (c) 2021 Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 56 80 10.34659/2021/2/12 FINANCIAL ASPECT OF THE USING THE ASPHALT GRANULATE IN MIXTURES DESIGNED FOR ROAD SUBSTRUCTURES https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/383 <p>Asphalt granulate is a valuable building material suitable for the production of asphalt mixtures. Its use in modern road building is profitable not only for environmental reasons but also because of the economic aspect of saving natural aggregates and asphalt and saving road pavement construction costs. The purpose of the cost analyses was to determine the financial benefits resulting from using the asphalt granulate in asphalt mixtures. The cost calculations concerned the basic components of asphalt mixtures and the costs of constructing the pavement structure layer for which the mixtures had been intended. The analyses covered asphalt mixtures of asphalt concrete type AC 22P with different content of asphalt granulate purchased at different prices, intended for road pavement substructure layers loaded with traffic of KR3 and KR4 categories.</p> Ewa Ołdakowska Jakub Ołdakowski Copyright (c) 2021 Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 10.34659/2021/2/13 IMPACT OF RESIDENTIAL HEATING COSTS ON THEIR VALUE https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/379 <p>This article deals with the essence of the influence of factors related to various heat sources on property valuation. The study’s main aim is to show that the applied heating system impacts the costs of maintaining and operating a building. A thesis was made that the type of heat source used to heat the property is a factor that significantly influences the value because its efficiency and general characteristics can significantly affect the amount of the building’s operating costs. For this reason, the method of heating building objects should be an attribute taken into account during the valuation carried out by a property appraiser.</p> Marta Nalewajko Copyright (c) 2021 Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 10.34659/2021/2/14 THE SHARING ECONOMY IN THE OPINION OF POLISH CONSUMERS https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/355 <p>This article is devoted to the issue of the sharing economy. In Poland, the sharing economy is a relatively new area but with high development dynamics. Therefore, the paper aims to answer the question: „is Polish society ready to adopt the sharing economy concept?”<br />In Poland, there is a research gap in the context of the sharing economy. The phenomenon of collective consumption concerning Polish consumers is a relatively new area that requires careful research . For this purpose, a pilot study was used with the use of the diagnostic survey method using the questionnaire survey technique.<br />The presented research results show that 39.7% of the respondents have come across the sharing economy concept. However, ignorance of the concept does not mean that the respondents did not use services based on the assumptions of the sharing economy. 56.7% of respondents used at least one service provided by the sharing economy. There is a visible relationship between the respondents’ <br />age and education and their awareness of the sharing economy. The highest knowledge of the sharing economy was found in the age group under 36 and among respondents with higher education. Most of the respondents support the directions of activities presented by the sharing economy and use its services.<br />The conducted research is of a pilot nature. However, it allows drawing attention to an important issue in the acceptance of new solutions related to the application of the sharing economy by the older generation of Polish consumers. This is a field for further research on a much wider research sample.</p> <p> </p> Lidia Kłos Copyright (c) 2021 Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 10.34659/2021/2/15 STUDENTS’ PERCEPTIONS AND THEIR DERIVED SATISFACTION OF URBAN FORESTS IN THE MOST INDUSTRIALISED REGION OF POLAND https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/376 <p>In the face of growing urbanised areas, the presence of forests and their appropriate shaping is a key challenge for contemporary urban planning. The importance of forests is largely identified with natural, economic and social functions in non-urban areas; however, forests are of vital value in urbanised areas. This article explores young Polish urbanites’ awareness of the role forests play, and submits diagnoses of the forests multidimensional benefits and their functions in Poland’s urban areas. Moreover, the research is based on the premise that the management of urban forests must ultimately lead to the satisfying of social needs. Based on empirical research, the perceptions of the value of urban forests as assessed by young people (students) in the Śląskie Voivodeship are presented, leading to the authors’ postulation that urban forests are underestimated resources. Furthermore, the study suggests that young Poles do not recognise the multi-beneficial aspects of urban forests; and the authors indicate feasible directions for local policy to achieve sustainable development. The final statements argue that in the face of serious threats to the functioning of Earth’s ecosystem, a campaign for the presence of forests and green spaces in cities is necessary.</p> Agnieszka Sobol Piotr Skubała Copyright (c) 2021 Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 126 143 10.34659/2021/2/16 THE FIELD OF STUDY AS A FACTOR DIFFERENTIATING STUDENTS’ LEVEL OF ENVIRONMENTAL AWARENESS https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/377 <p>The aim of the research presented in this paper was to identify differences in environmental awareness among students of degree programmes in various fields of study. A research hypothesis was adopted stating that the field of science within which a given field of study is conducted influences students’ perception of environmental problems. Based on surveys conducted using an original questionnaire among 418 students representing 106 fields of the study carried out at 44 Polish universities, within the framework of all fields of science, a number of regularities were revealed. It was shown that each of the distinguished groups of students has its own, separate characteristics. The greatest similarities can be found between the students of medical, natural and social sciences. Students of the humanities and technical sciences differ significantly from them.</p> Arnold Bernaciak Anna Bernaciak Martyna Janicka Copyright (c) 2021 Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 144 161 10.34659/2021/2/17 Summaries in Polish https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/396 <p>Summaries in Polish</p> E E Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-08-18 2021-08-18 77 2 163 168