Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal <p><strong>Welcome to the website of the Journal "Ekonomia i Srodowisko - Economics and Environment"</strong></p> <p>The journal "Economics and Environment" ("Ekonomia i Środowisko") is a leading Polish quarterly journal in the economics of environment and natural resources. It has existed since 1992. The reference version of the Journal is the paper version.</p> <p> </p> <p>This is the Journal of the <a href="http://psesizn.pl/">Polish Association of Environmental and Resource Economists.</a></p> <p>Value according to the Polish Ministry of Education and Science: 40 points.</p> <p><strong>Fields and disciplines of science:</strong></p> <p><strong>1. Engineering and technology:</strong> architecture and urban planning, civil engineering and transport, environmental engineering, mining and energy</p> <p><strong>2. Agricultural sciences:</strong> forestry</p> <p><strong>3. Social sciences:</strong> economics and finance, social and economic geography and<br />spatial management, management and quality studies</p> <p> </p> <p> </p> Wydawnictwo Ekonomia i Środowisko en-US Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment 0867-8898 <div id="deed-conditions" class="row"> <h3>Under the following terms:</h3> <ul class="license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8" dir="ltr"> <li class="license by"> <p><strong>Attribution</strong> — You must give <a id="appropriate_credit_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">appropriate credit</a>, provide a link to the license, and <a id="indicate_changes_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">indicate if changes were made</a>. You may do so in any reasonable manner, but not in any way that suggests the licensor endorses you or your use.<span id="by-more-container"></span></p> </li> <li class="license sa"> <p><strong>ShareAlike</strong> — If you remix, transform, or build upon the material, you must distribute your contributions under the <a id="same_license_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">same license</a> as the original.<span id="sa-more-container"></span></p> </li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <ul id="deed-conditions-no-icons" class="col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license"><strong>No additional restrictions</strong> — You may not apply legal terms or <a id="technological_measures_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">technological measures</a> that legally restrict others from doing anything the license permits.</li> </ul> </div> <div class="row"> <div class="col-md-offset-1 col-md-10"><hr /></div> </div> <div id="deed-understanding" class="row"> <h3>Notices:</h3> <ul class="understanding license-properties col-md-offset-2 col-md-8"> <li class="license">You do not have to comply with the license for elements of the material in the public domain or where your use is permitted by an applicable <a id="exception_or_limitation_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">exception or limitation</a>.</li> <li class="license">No warranties are given. The license may not give you all of the permissions necessary for your intended use. For example, other rights such as <a id="publicity_privacy_or_moral_rights_popup" class="helpLink" tabindex="0" title="" href="https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/#" data-original-title="">publicity, privacy, or moral rights</a> may limit how you use the material.</li> </ul> </div> Summaries in Polish https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/352 <p>Summaries in Polish</p> E E Copyright (c) 2020 Ekonomia i Środowisko - Economics and Environment https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-04-14 2021-04-14 75 4 Urban greenery management problems https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/3 <p>In this paper, we look at the urban greenery management as a principal-agent (PA) problem. PA problems arise whenever the management of activity requires cooperation of at least two<br />hierarchical levels. In the case analysed in this paper, the city mayor (the higher level) wants to maximise the pollution-mitigation capacity of trees planted; the greenery manager (the lower level) wants to<br />maximise the municipal budget devoted to planting trees subject to some constraints on the outcome<br />of this activity. While the higher level wants certain services to be delivered in the future actually, the<br />lower level is interested in the potential benefits provided by the most attractive tree species, even<br />though they will be delivered only partially and probably in the short run only. As a result, the species<br />composition of trees planted is different from what it would have been if the PA model implemented<br />was incentive compatible.</p> Tomasz Żylicz Copyright (c) 2021 Journal Economics and Environment https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 2021-02-22 2021-02-22 75 4 15 15 Examining of portable batteries externalities with focus on consumption and disposal phases https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/4 <p>Today, the problem of increasing negative environmental externalities related to waste<br>management, especially electronic waste, which also includes used household batteries and accumulators, is becoming increasingly acute. They cause significant damage not only to the environment but<br>also to public health when released into the environment without control. The purpose of this work is<br>to study the environmental and economic aspects and determine the external effects caused by the<br>consequences of the consumption of autonomous batteries. Correlation-regression analysis showed<br>that there is a link between indicators of domestic market filling of household batteries and the dynamics of mortality related to cancer. The study provides simplified calculations of external effects that<br>arise in Ukraine because of the consumption of household batteries due to the absence of a system<br>for their collection and disposal. The sum of the total external effects is determined, excluding losses<br>due to air pollution, water pollution, and agricultural losses.</p> Natalia Yosipivna Shuptar-Poryvaieva Copyright (c) 2020 Journal Economics and Environment https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-02-22 2021-02-22 75 4 14 14 Analytical study of selected economic-environmental indicators of waste management system in Slovakia https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/5 <p>The main objective of the paper was to visualize and analyze the relationships between<br>selected economic and environmental indicators in the waste management system of Slovakia, i.e.,<br>the amount of fees for municipal waste in individual districts of Slovakia in 2019 and the amount of<br>average monthly wage and unemployment in Slovakia in the same year. Data were visualized and<br>analyzed on a thematic map and in a boxplot, and subsequently, they were subjected to statistical<br>testing. Based on the performed analysis, we can confirm the statistical relationship between the<br>average wage and the amount of fees for municipal waste collection and the statistical relation<br>between the municipal waste fee and the unemployment rate in individual districts of Slovakia.</p> Martin Rovnak Copyright (c) 2020 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 75 4 12 12 Estimation of pro-ecological approach to road construction in economic efficiency assessment https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/11 <p>The development of the road network has a positive impact on a wide range of factors determining the efficient functioning of the state and the development of its regions. At the same time, it is an interference in environmental and agricultural space and a threat to landscape and cultural values. Protection of a very diversified natural environment means preservation, sustainable use, and<br>restoration of resources, creations, and components of nature. Hence, the environmentally friendly design and construction of road investments should include passive and active environmental protection and compensation. All effective solutions from a wide range of “good practices” minimise or eliminate the negative environmental impacts. At the same time, all those activities leading to the creation of an environmentally friendly “green” road network are “economically” estimated in economic analyses. The main goal of this paper is to indicate the “simplified” valuation of the pro-ecological approach to road construction in the assessment of economic effectiveness on the example of the Polish section of the S8 expressway (especially within protected areas). The lack of valuation in the monetary value of potential benefits resulting from avoidance, prevention or mitigation, unfortunately, has an impact on the economic result of cost-benefit analysis.</p> Ewa Ołdakowska Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2021-02-23 2021-02-23 75 4 13 13 Spatial diversification of the implementation of planning and investment processes in the Poznań Metropolitan Area https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/13 <p>This paper aimed to access the changes that appeared between 2009 and 2018 in the context of progress in the spatial planning process at the local planning level. The study also attempts to classify communes in the metropolitan area due to the diversification of the degree of implementation in the spatial planning process. The research was conducted on the example of Poznań Metropolitan Area (PMA), which covers 45 communes. The analysis was based on data from the Local Data Bank of Statistics, Poland. The communes in PMA were classified into 12 groups. The most numerous group (almost half of the analysed units) are communes with small coverage of local spatial development plans and very low dynamics of issuing of decisions on building conditions. These are communes where the urbanisation pressure, due to the distance from Poznań, is lower than in the administrative units located near or in the immediate vicinity of Poznań.</p> Karol Dawid Mrozik Konrad Podawca Daria Drożyńska Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 75 4 17 17 The requirement of obtaining an environmental decision in the case of investment concerning a road reconstruction – case study https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/14 <p>The goal of this article is to present the procedure for obtaining an environmental decision using the example of an investment involving the reconstruction of a road. The case study concerned the reconstruction of a public municipal road No. 178044N Prostki – Ostrykół – Lipińskie Małe, Prostki municipality, Ełcki poviat, Warmińsko-Mazurskie voivodeship of the length of 4308.50m against legal regulations of obtaining environmental decisions. Through the interpretation of legal regulations, it was established that the described investment – under certain conditions – does not require obtaining an environmental decision. Based on literature studies, basic concepts and activities pertaining to the procedure of obtaining environmental decisions in Poland were presented. Moreover, the conclusions obtained as part of the research may prove useful to public investors who are obligated to verify their<br>investments in terms of their legal compliance during the planning stage.</p> Piotr Bołtryk Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 75 4 14 14 Costs and economic benefits of recycling electrical insulators in special concretes production https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/15 <p>The article is a continuation of the research work undertaken to indicate the economically and ecologically justified recycling of ceramic waste material from used electrical insulators. During the renovation works of old electric lines, relatively large amounts of insulators are obtained, the disposal of which is now quite a costly undertaking. Based on previous experiences (Zegardło, Ogrodnik,<br>Woliński, 2016; Zegardło et al., 2018), the authors of this article indicate the potential possibility of using the used insulators in the production of aggregates for special concretes. Such aggregates meet all parameters and requirements, and the concretes obtained from them have parameters higher than those obtained from traditional aggregates. Based on the analysis of data taken from the archives of the company dealing with electrical and repair works, the areas from which insulators are obtained were presented. The scale of the said project on a national scale was discussed. The aim of the study is to estimate the costs and economic benefits related to the disposal of insulators and their reuse as aggregates for special concretes. Despite the calculations that show that such a project would not be associated with significant financial profits, the authors indicate other benefits that would flow from this type of management of the mentioned waste.</p> Daniel Tokarski Daniel Tokarski Bartosz Zegardło Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 75 4 8 8 Social attitudes towards planned lignite mining - the case of south-western Wielkopolska region https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/16 <p>Lignite is a raw material considered a strategic fuel in the Polish energy sector. One of the prognostic lignite deposits is located in the south-western Wielkopolska (Krobia, Miejska Górka and Poniec communes). However, the perspective of exploitation causes concern to the local community. In this context, the paper aimed to identify the attitudes towards lignite mining in this area. In the<br>research procedure aimed at statistical verification of factors differentiating these attitudes, a survey was conducted. The results of the study showed that the inhabitants of the analysed communes had indecisive attitudes, yet with a very clear tendency towards negative assessments of the subject issue. Farmers and rural residents were the most sceptical, while entrepreneurs, town dwellers and young people had the most conciliatory attitudes. Moreover, it has been proved that professional status, place of residence (town-village) and age can be considered as factors affecting these attitudes.</p> Anna Bernaciak Wojciech Kisiała Natalia Sołtysiak Katarzyna Suszyńska Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 75 4 18 18 Environmental protection in the perspective of CSR activities undertaken by polish enterprises of the construction industry https://ekonomiaisrodowisko.pl/journal/article/view/17 <p>The article aims to show the level of involvement of Polish enterprises from the construction industry in the implementation of CSR programmes, with particular emphasis on environmental protection tasks. The survey, carried out with the use of a questionnaire technique, covered 177 enterprises, including their division into large, medium, and small ones. The survey was carried out using<br>CAVI and PAPI techniques with the use of a proprietary questionnaire form. The results of the research indicate that environmental protection is not a priority CSR area for construction enterprises. The activities undertaken in the field of environmental protection are dominated by those which are directly related to the construction activities conducted. For them, activities going beyond that scope, such as supporting initiatives or promoting pro-ecological behaviour, are much less important. There is a visible difference between large enterprises and entities belonging to the two remaining groups. Large enterprises are more inclined to take universal measures which go beyond their construction site. This indicates their important role as potential creators of good practice, setting behaviour patterns throughout the construction sector.</p> Małgorzata Halaburda Arnold Bernaciak Copyright (c) 2021 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0 2020-12-01 2020-12-01 75 4 12 12